What is Acne?
Acne is the occurrence of inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in the skin; in particular, a condition characterized by red pimples on the face, prevalent among teenagers. Sixty million people in the United States suffer from acne. About 9 in 10 teenagers develop some degree of acne. It is estimated that about 3 in 10 teenagers need treatment to prevent scarring. Adult acne is also very common: One in five American adults have it. While, boys are more prone to teenage acne, women are more prone to adult acne. Some women can even get acne for the first time in their 30’s and 40’s. Bottom line… Acne is a pain… Literally.
What triggers Acne in Women:
- Hormone changes during puberty cause women to produce more sebum, an oily substance, which leads to clogged pores. This is due to an increased production in androgens, a male sex hormone.
- Hormone changes during adulthood. Pregnancy, menopause and of course the menstrual cycle are all causes of acne.
- Medications: Oral contraceptives can be a contributor of acne. Because of a shift in the hormone levels in your system, eventually your body benefits from birth control, but a sudden stop or introduction to a new birth control can throw your hormones off balance.
- Make up applicators collect bacteria and yeast, which can lead to a form of acne know as folliculitis. Clean makeup applicators daily. We recommend an antibacterial soap and lukewarm water. Dry over night.
- Non-mineral based makeup will clog your pores. We recommend that you invest in a mineral makeup, so that your skin can breathe and does not get irritated. Emmy Award Winning: Oxygenetix foundation is the only foundation that allows vital oxygen into the skin
- Products and makeup
- Family history
- A family history will make you more susceptible to acne.
- Washing your face more than 2 x a day will destroy acne? No, over washing will not cure your acne because oil is produced under the skin. Over washing will only cause your skin to create more oil and in turn, more acne.
- Eating sweets or greasy food will cause acne? This isn’t true; there have been no conclusive report that says this is true. However, you are what you eat, so maintain your healthy eating habits.
- Tooth paste as a spot treatment works? This is half true, as toothpaste may actually be hurting your acne as opposed to helping: certain toothpastes can help with the inflammation. However, steer clear of fluorides, whiting agents and anti-cavity ingredients.
- Don’t touch your face!
- Simple is better when it comes to cleansers. Choose a very basic cleanser without harsh additives.
- Avoid artificial fragrances and preservatives, as well as leave in treatment hair care products, which can aggravate breakouts around the hair line, forehead and cheek area.
- Change pillow cases regularly or put towel over your pillow when you sleep. Products that are put on the face, the hair, as well as, the body’s natural oils and dirt will build up on your pillow. We recommend a natural detergent when washing your sheets or switching to a different pillow case ever other night.
- Cell phones also collects dirt and bacteria. They are a huge contributor to breakouts around the cheek, mouth and chin area. Disinfect your phone daily with antibacterial wipes.
- Gym Equipment: Bring towel for communal equipment, mats, etc. Always, clean your machines prior to use.
- Don’t pop your own pimples – you will cause infection, bacteria to spread to other areas of the face, and scarring. At ABD we use a special sterile extracting instrument to prevent any infection and spreading of the acne. You will heal much faster with a better result if you come in to get professional extractions.
- Make sure you’re using oil-free, non-comedogenic lotions and sunscreens. We recommend Elta MD sunscreens.
- Eat foods with probiotics. Probiotics are microorganisms that have beneficial effects when eaten. In other words, good germs! Fermented foods, such as sauerkraut, kefir, kombucha, goat cheese, or natural yogurt contain probiotics, but you can get probiotics by taking natural supplements with contain enzymes as well. Steer clear of pasteurized milk and cheese, as these products are allergenic, difficult to digest, full of hormones that are not good for the overall health of your skin.
- Do Cardio: A healthy lymphatic system will be the key to removing acne causing toxins in your body and creating a bright complexion.
- Drink Lots of H2O: Flush out a lot of the build up and impurities in your system with 8 glasses of water a day.
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids are Essential for healthy skin and are also a great anti-inflammatory. Eat wild salmon, grass-fed beef, and seeds like flax and chia.
- Eat Leafy Greens: Veggies like spinach, kale, chard, beet greens are great for skin health.
How to treat the problem:
- Treatment will depend on what type of acne you have. We recommend you come into ABD so that we can assess what type of acne you have with a free consultation.
- Exfoliate the right way – don’t scrub, gentle is always better. We recommend Nia 24 scrub.
- Remove the over drying agents from your products – removing the oil with many products out there can actually produce extra oil. Avoid alcohol-based astringents. Purchase oil free products.
- Moisturize immediately after washing for optimal absorption.
- Invest in Salicylic Acid – it is the most effective anti-acne ingredient.
- Topical retinoic acid – form of Vitamin A
- Benzoyl Peroxide – It has three actions – kills P. acnes bacteria, reduces inflammation, and helps to unplug blocked pores. We recommend the Visia to detect P.Acne bacteria.
- Azelaic acid cream – is easier on the skin than retinoids and might be a good alternative for you.
- Alpha-hydroxy acids (glycolic acid, and lactic acid)– Chemical Peels, Products
- Topical Antibiotics – reduce the number of bacteria and reduce inflammation. However, they have little effect on unplugging blocked pores.
- Antibiotic pill
- Take Birth Control
- Accutane for severe acne
- Vitamin C – Has many anti-inflammatory properties.
- Cleanse gently, and avoid harsh cleansers. You want to smooth and sooth the skin. Try a cleanser that has anti-inflammatory ingredients to soothe the inflamed skin. We recommend gently washing your face twice a day rather than over washing. Take the guesswork out of cleaning your skin, and give us the opportunity to show you how the Clarisonic can benefit you by cleansing 11 x better than hands alone.
Beryl Reker – Paramedical Aesthetician and Skin Care Director at ABD Specializes in Acne Treatments:
Treatments offered at ABD:
- Chemical Peels
- Chemical peels are acids which are applied to the skin about once every two – four weeks. These acids chemically exfoliate the top layers of skin. This exfoliation signals the cells inside the skin to produce more rapidly, which can help hasten skin turnover and prevent pores from becoming clogged. Studies show a significant reduction in acne lesions after a series of 4-6 peels.
- Extractions: involve a tiny incision or a prick with a surgical blade. Getting that infected sebum out of the pore can flatten the bump, reduce the irritation and make pores appear smaller
- Scar Therapy: The micro needles of the Dermapen® and Fractora create new collagen and elastin to be generated and deposited called collagenesis, however the added benefit of new capillary growth is also a result which can improve blood supply to the area which helps create healthier existing skin as well as provide a healthy foundation for the new skin.
- The BLU-U: a unique blue light that kills the P. acnes bacteria in your skin. Treatments are simple – you sit with your face close to the light for a short time at a schedule set up by your clinician, approximately a 17-minute session about once or twice per week. The treatments may go on for five weeks or so. It’s safe, it’s not hot, it’s not painful. After some weeks, the blue light can help control your acne.
- The Blu U and Levulinic acid: Levulan (5-Amino Levulinic Acid) is a medication that is applied to the skin. This medication makes acne-causing bacteria and precancerous sun spots more sensitive to the Blu-U (Blue Light) treatments. This combined with the BLU-U procedure can be very effective in treating acne.
Call to schedule your free skin care analysis today and start the fight against acne at 303.866.0180.